PART I – THE NEXT GENERATION IN EGYPTOLOGY: YOUNG RESEARCHERS IN ACTION
Session 1: Egypt of the New Kingdom
9.30 to 9.50 a.m.
Un regard sur le capital social en Égypte ancienne : l’exemple des artisans du bois à Deir el-Medina au Nouvel Empire (1550-1069 AEC)
By Julie Desjardins, master’s candidate, Department of History, UQÀM
The village of Deir el-Medina was home to a settlement of craftsmen who laboured on the pharaohs’ tombs during the New Kingdom. This artists’ community left behind numerous items of correspondence, notes, registers, stories and texts that offer insight into the daily lives of its members. Through a socioeconomic analysis of the living conditions of wood craftsmen, we will see how social capital manifested in Der el-Medina over 3,000 years ago among the people belonging to a particular trade.
9.50 to 10.10 a.m.
Le rôle des femmes royales étrangères dans les alliances matrimoniales diplomatiques à la XVIIIe dynastie
By Véronique Lacroix, master’s candidate, Department of History, UQÀM
The purpose of the proposed study was to analyze the nature of power held by foreign princesses who married pharaohs during the 18th Dynasty. The analysis focuses chiefly on the reigns of Thutmose III, Amenhotep III and Akhenaton and aims to determine both whether these princesses held a degree of political influence and precisely what their position and status was upon arriving in Egypt. The resulting conclusions are based on an analysis of the Amarna Letters and the tomb of three Egyptian princesses discovered by Herbert Eustis Winlock in the 1940s.
10.10 to 11.10 a.m.
Le thème de la fuite en Égypte du Nouvel Empire : terres étrangères, plateaux et autres lieux de refuge
Guillaume Bouchard Labonté, doctoral candidate, Department of History, UQÀM
Documentary sources from the New Kingdom do not lead us to believe that there were many refugee Egyptians, despite that they had ample reasons for wanting to flee: the brutal repression of the pharaonic regime, untenable social pressures, and even conjugal violence. In this discussion, we will examine several cases of actual and fictitious escapes. We will also endeavour to determine whether the silence around the sources masked a desire among some inhabitants of the Nile Valley to seek exile for themselves.
10.30 to 10.50 a.m.
10.50 to 11.10 a.m.
Session 2 – Egypt from the pyramids to age of cultural hybridity
11.10 to 11.30 a.m.
Les Textes des Pyramides dans l’œil de l’analyste
By Cloé Caron, doctoral candidate, Department of History, UQÀM / Université Paul-Valéry, Montpellier III
Inscribed for the first time in the pyramid of Unas (about 2356 to 2323 BCE), the last king of the 5th Dynasty, the Pyramid Texts are said to be the oldest religious writings in the world. However, they are by no means simplistic. On the contrary, the formulas contained in the Pyramid Texts are vastly complex. By examining a selection of text depicting the primordial god, Nun (Naunet), this presentation aims to shed light on the various parameters that an analyst must examine in order to interpret them correctly.
11.30 to 11.50 a.m.
De patronne dynastique à mère de la monarchie : Bastet durant la XXIIe dynastie (943-729 AEC)
Perrine Poiron, doctoral candidate, Department of History, UQÀM / Université Paris-IV Sorbonne
At the mention of the name Bastet, the first image that comes to mind is often of a seated cat scanning the horizon. However, this is not the form in which the deity generally appeared to the Egyptians. In fact, she belonged to a group of so-called “dangerous” goddesses, as she was the incarnation of the Uraeus, which defended the supreme god, Re, against his enemies. More than a lion-headed apotropaic divinity, Bastet became an integral figure in pharaonic ideology, particularly during the Third Intermediate Period (1076-723 BCE). Patroness of the 22nd Dynasty, she took on the role of mother of the monarchy. Through a study of various documents, we will present the main storyline of her ascension in pharaonic ideology during the 22nd Dynasty.
11.50 a.m. to 12.10 p.m.
La vie mouvementée des statues de Taharqa à Ninive
Jessica Bouchard, doctoral candidate, Department of History, UQÀM / Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster
It is safe to say that a statue’s function is culturally constructed and thus inextricably linked to the context in which it was made and erected. In order to understand the meaning of a statue, we seek to learn the circumstances in which it was produced; analyzing the relevant references and symbols of its contemporaries and clarifying its place within a group of similar objects. But all too often, we impose a static functionality on the object under study, forgetting that it exists in a time beyond the moment of its creation and that, as such, it may have lost or gained new memorial significance. Thanks to the notion of a cultural biography of objects, it is possible to envisage the various purposes a statue could be invested with over the course of its life, or even after its “death.” To illustrate our point, we will examine the case of statue bases of the 25th Kushite dynasty pharaoh Taharqa (690-664 BCE), which were uncovered in the ruins of the Assyrian palace in Niniveh.
This symposium is the fruit of a collaboration between several institutions and organizations: The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Department of History of the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), the Society for the Studies of Egyptian Antiquities and the Association des études du Proche-Orient ancient.
Activity free of charge. Optional pass
Service charges apply (per pass)
General public: $5