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Lewis Foy

The Great Indian Council

Artist

Lewis Foy
England 1757 – Cap Santé, Quebec, 1825

Title

The Great Indian Council

Date

About 1793

Materials

Pen and ink, watercolour and gouache over traces of graphite

Dimensions

33 x 50.7 cm

Credits

Gift of Messrs. G. Ronald Jackson and Michael Jackson, inv. 1967.1575

Collection

Graphic Arts

The landscape is the site of dispute for the stakeholders, who, from group to group, would radically alter its configuration and interpretation. This is precisely what is suggested in the watercolour by Lewis Foy. Its subject—an Indian council—and date—about 1793—serve to illustrate the conflicts then taking place in the Northwest Territories between the Great Lakes and the Ohio River. While the United States at that time was trying to establish peace along the border through negotiations aimed at the signing of a treaty, John Graves Simcoe, appointed lieutenant-governor of the Loyalist province of Upper Canada in September 1791, pursued a different objective: “the chimerical prospect of an Indian buffer state between the United States and the two Canadas.”

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