A free master in the Antwerp painters’ guild, Pepyn probably received his training in art at the studio of the Francken family, which was located in the city’s Sint-Andries parish, where he was living. His extremely detailed narrative style and realism, as well as the sometimes ridiculous appearance of his figures, are clearly similar to those of Francken—more reasons that suggest his artistic education took place within the prestigious Francken fold. Carnival Scene is a work that bears the stamp of Pepyn’s years of apprenticeship. In it the artist has remained faithful to sixteenth-century painting traditions, drawing inspiration from Hieronymus Francken I’s subject matter and Frans Francken II’s style. This panel therefore belongs to pre-Rubens Flemish painting, a manner that Pepyn, in emulation of the Franckens, developed in his small-sized works.