Louis Muhlstock also studied under the direction of Edmond Dyonnet and William Brymner. Following the closing of the Art Association of Montreal school in 1923, he took classes in life drawing at the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, as well as studied at Montreal’s École des Beaux-Arts. From 1928 to 1931, he attended the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, where he further developed his technique. On his return to Canada, it was his classic nudes—with neither props nor figurative or narrative references—that garnered critical attention. While executed quickly during a single session, they were not sketches preliminary to a final painting, but works in their own right.