Kebe-kebe dance headdresses are employed during the ceremonies of the initiatory society of the same name regulating its members’ individual, family and collective conduct. Early in the twentieth century, the French colonial administrator M.A. Poupon described their use during ceremonies among the eastern Kuyu honouring the serpent ancestor Djo. Spinning around, a dancer covered entirely in a raffia costume holds the headdress above his head. Nowadays, depictions of missionaries, General de Gaulle and the former president of the Republic of the Congo, Marien Ngouabi, among others, have been added to the cosmogonic figures, and the dance is also performed during festivals.